Mains Study Materials


 

GS 1 Mains: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

 

1.Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Source – Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania (AIR 51)

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2. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

Source – From Plassey to Partition by Shekhar Bandopadhyay

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3. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

Source – From Plassey to Partition by Shekhar Bandopadhyay

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4.Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

Source – India Since Independence by Bipan Chandra

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5. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Source – The Story of Civilization

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6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Source – Social Problems in India by Ram Ahuj
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7. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Source – Social Problems in India by Ram Ahuja (See Index)
Source – Vision Material for Role of women and women’s organization

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8. Effects of globalization on Indian society

Source – Vision Material
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9. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Source – Chronicle IAS Academy Material
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10. Salient features of world’s physical geography.

Source – All Geography NCERTs from class 6th to 12th
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11. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Source – All Geography NCERTs from class 6th to 12th
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GS 2 Mains: (Governance,Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Source: D D Basu (1st 5 chapters)

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2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Source: Laxmikant Chapters 12, 13 14.

Source: ARC Report
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3. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Source: Vision Handout

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4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Source: Vision Handout

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5. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Source: Laxmikant

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6. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Source: Laxmikant (Union Executive, Parliament of India, Supreme Court of India, Executive in the States,State Legislature, High Courts and Subordinate Courts, Local Government: Urban and Rural)

Source: Vision Handout

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7. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Source: Vision IAS handout

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8. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Source: Part 7 of Laxmikant (Constitutional Bodies)

Source: Vision IAS handout

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9. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Source: Part 7,8 and 9 of Laxmikant (Constitutional Bodies)

Source: Vision IAS handout

Source: Vision IAS handout

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10. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Source: Vision IAS handout

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11. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Source: Vision IAS handout

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12. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of  these vulnerable sections

Source: Vision IAS handout

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13. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education,Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Source: 12th Plan

Source: Vision IAS handout

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14. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models,successes, limitations, and potential; citizen’s charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Source: Vision IAS handout

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15. Role of civil services in a democracy.

Source: Vision IAS handout

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16. India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Source: Rajiv Sikri (Read basic part from this book)

Source: Add current points from these current affairs magazine

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17. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Source: 2015 All India Rank 38 Notes

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18. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Source: Vision IAS handout

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19. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Source: 2015 All India Rank 38 Notes

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GS 3 Mains: (Technology, EconomicDevelopment, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster
Management)

1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development andemployment.

Source: NCERTs class 9, 10, 11, 12

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2. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Source :  TMH 

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3. Government Budgeting.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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4. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Source: Vision IAS Handouts + Random sources (select the best from both sources which you like)

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5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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6. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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7. Land reforms in India.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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8. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

 

Source: Ramesh Singh (Chapters 6 and 9)

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9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

Source: Dutt and Sundaram (Chapter 8)

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10. Investment models.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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11. Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday  life 

Source: Science and Technology (TMH Publication)

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12. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Source: Science and Technology (TMH Publication)

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13. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Source: Science and Technology (TMH Publication)

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14. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Source: Shankar IAS Book

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15. Disaster and disaster management.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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16. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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17. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Source: Vision IAS Handout

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18. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

Source 1 : GS Score Handouts

Source 2 : Vision IAS Handout

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19. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Source 1: Vision IAS Handout

 

Source 2: Random Pdf

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20. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Source: Wikipedia

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GS 4 Mains: (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

86 solved case Studies

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2. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role offamily, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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3. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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4. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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5. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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6. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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7. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

solved case Studies

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8. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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9. Case Studies on above issues.

Source: Lexicon by Chronicle

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EXTRA MATERIALS

All Important Contemporary Issues List – PDF

Source : GS Score

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